The ethnic Maya are well-known for their
achievements in certain areas of human knowledge, most of which have been
incorporated into the cultural baggage that represents the most successful
achievements of the Mesoamerican region.
As a consequence of their astronomical
observations they were able to perfection the calendars of the Sun, the Moon and
Venus with incredible precision.
They also developed the concept of the
mathematical zero, developed a thousand years later in Europe, and created a
complicated form of hieroglyphic writing, which has until now been only
In general terms, the Maya area is divided into
the southern zone includes the coastal
regions of the Pacific and up to the highlands of El Salvador, Guatemala and the
Mexican state of Chiapas, where the soil is fertile and supports coniferous
The central region covers the
north-eastern part of Honduras, Belize and the Guatemalan region of Paten, the
forest of Chiapas, the south of Campeche and Quintana Roo, as well as Chontalpa,
in the Mexican state of Tabasco; the topography includes hills and plains,
irrigated by important rivers and lagoons that provide life to the tropical
And finally, the northern
region, which is made up mostly of the Yucatan Peninsula, and is
characterized by its limestone plains, poor topsoil that supports monte chico
vegetation, and water that runs below the surface forming large wells, known
locally as "Cenotes."
Constructed on the banks of five lakes, in the
heart of a forest with incredibly high, fine-wood trees, in the state of
Quintana Roo, is Cobá, the most important and extensive city/state in the north
of the Yucatan Peninsula.
The inhabitants of this grand urban sprawl
developed the most impressive network of highways in the pre-Hispanic world. So
far, a total of 40 highways have been discovered, with lengths varying between a
few meters and a hundred kilometers, in some cases, with a width of up to 20
meters, and height of up to four meters.
In the urban zone of Coba, the sacbéob
are truly wondrous feats of road engineering that are made up of
split-level walkways, roundabouts and constructions that indicate